Social Thing Research [ Physical Computing #4 ]



This week I interviewed some bus drivers and passengers [at station].


  • The problem we have now
  1. The route maps of some buses are curve or even ring shape, especially on the outside part of main route. That means every bus in every operation round will take a lot of time to stop at every station, while there will be very few passengers going on or off.

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Physical Computing_print02


  • Solutions for now

In order to tell the bus driver that there will be no one getting off, we set a ring bell on bus. The problem is, however, the bus driver can only know if there will be passengers getting on or off at the next station. They still have to go to every road according to route map.


  • My Idea

Inspired by the button in lift, which will appear every floor the lift will stop. I am thinking if we can set a similar system for the bus. Because most of us know which station we are going to once we get on a bus. Maybe we can push the button that presents the station of our destination once we get on the bus. So that the driver will know which stations they have to go on the whole route map. Similarly, if someone want to take a bus from a station, there will be a same system at the station. Once anyone push the button at the station, the driver will know that he have to stop at that station.

Social Thing Research [ Physical Computing #4 ]

All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace[ FMP Practice Proposal ]

All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace




All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace: View from the heavens


Field of Study

Speculative Design; Video Art; Narrative Design; Installation Art;



    “The more tremendous the divinity is represented, the more tame and submissive do men become to his ministers; and the more unaccountable the measures of acceptance required by him, the more necessary does it become to abandon our natural reason, and yield to their ghostly guidance and direction.”

-David Hume, The Natural History of Religion

The great philosopher David Hume believed that our own weaknesses and vulnerabilities gave rise to our belief in ‘invisible, intelligent powers’, and further guided their evolution from ancient ‘vulgar’ polytheistic idolatry to the dominant monotheistic religions of today. Karl Marx saw religion as ‘the opiate of the people’, that numbed our pain, and gave us moments of relief, in the harsh soullessness of reality. Friedrich Nietzsche believed we invented Gods as a means of justifying our evil intent. Geneticist Dean Hamer goes as far as speculating that our affinity for religious belief is linked to a specific ‘God Gene’ in our DNA.

Philosopher and cognitive scientist Daniel Dennett looks at the evolution of religion through the lens of ‘memetic’ Darwinian evolution — a term coined by Richard Dawkins to describe a cultural unit of inheritance analogous to a ‘gene’. He suggests, similar to wild species of plants or animals, ‘wild ideas and beliefs’ are born naturally ‘in the wild’. These wild ideas adapt, they evolve traits, to co-exist with the society they’re in. Some traits help ideas spread — those ideas and traits survive. Other traits cause ideas to die and become obsolete. Those ideas with traits most suited to the requirements of the local culture are eventually assimilated, domesticated and ‘farmed’ — mass reproduced — by stewards, guardians of those ideas. In a feedback loop, as both society and beliefs develop, they symbiotically co-evolve.

There is no universally accepted theory on the emergence of deities and religion. However, there are strong correlations between traits of society vs traits of deity & religion. e.g. Land-owner based agricultural societies which require non-egalitarian structure tend to have more wrathful, ‘moral’ deities. Subsistence farming or pastoral societies which do not require hierarchy or massive cooperation tend to have inactive or absent deities. [Peoples, H. C., & Marlowe, F. W. (2012). Subsistence and the evolution of religion. Human Nature, 23(3), 253–269.;

For millennia, religions have evolved, responding to their host culture’s traits and needs. Thousands of beliefs have come and gone. Some have disappeared completely, some are localized to small groups, and others grow to dominate across countries and continents. As societies grow and change, so do the deities and religions along with them. Those beliefs and values which are most culturally fit survive.

We are living in times of increasing technological surveillance. In this post-Snowden era we are more aware of the extent of this invasion of privacy than ever. But did the Snowden Revelations have the impact we might have hoped for? Did they provoke a public outcry from the masses? A unanimous demand for privacy? Not quite. The masses are apathetic — perhaps even sympathetic, finding safety and comfort in knowing that a Higher Force is watching; protecting those who are virtuous, the law-abiding. He who is innocent has nothing to fear. He who does wrong will be found and punished.


Man invented god to inflict fear, control and power. It was ancient religions that imposed omnipotent, omniscient and omnipresent powers watching over us, judging us, protecting us — a myth fabricated to control the masses. Today, as our societies lose spiritual sensibilities, we are drowning ourselves in a break-neck race of materialism and technological submission. So The Overseer too is adapting, co-evolving. As its metaphysical traits crumble and become obsolete, the gaps are filled and substituted with new traits — physical, material, digital traits. The Old Gods cannot protect us anymore, so we need new ones. We have killed God, as Nietzsche says. But we are rebuilding Him, with Technology. The myth is becoming real. We’re edging closer and closer to an authentic man-made deity. Living up in The Cloud, watching over us, listening to our thoughts and dreams in ones and zeros.

A Digital God for a Digital culture.

Through a meditative, trance-like hypnotic state, we can be one with Him, create a personal connection, and hear His comforting voice, preaching to us the truth that we crave.

Dim your lights, turn up the sound, lean back, relax and let yourself go.



The script will contain modified quotes by pioneers of quantum mechanics Werner Heisenberg, Erwin Schrödinger, Wolfgang Pauli, Paul Dirac, specifically regarding the Observer effect in Quantum mechanics. The quotes are modified as to not sound specifically about quantum mechanics, but more ambiguous, relevant to both the observer effect of quantum mechanics, but also relevant to the surveillance situation we’re in. The results highlighting the similarities between the two: there is no such thing as a passive observer, the act of observation influences the observed and affects how he/she will behave, the observer and the observed end up inextricably linked, the observers observation is not an objective truth but a biased response to the information received based on the mode of observation etc.



The work will be a video installation consisting of a meditative video with a synthesized voice-over. The resemblance of the GCHQ building to a giant robotic eye – such as Kubrick’s HAL in 2001 – is uncanny. The little cars, roads, buildings etc. the electronic circuitry feeding this giant robotic eye. It’s not humans watching over us, logging our emails, our phone records; but it’s algorithms, software designed by humans, housed in machines built by humans.



All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace from Memo Akten on Vimeo.



Background meditative bowl sounds from

used under Creative Commons license.

Aerial photos from Google Maps.

Title “All watched over by machines of loving grace” from Richard Brautigan’s 1967 Poem and Adam Curtis’s 2011 BBC documentary series.

All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace[ FMP Practice Proposal ]

Social Thing Tribe [ Physical Computing #3 ]

The Bus Drivers.001

This is the main brief of the Unit Physical Computing. We were asked to design a thing for a specific tribe, focus on the communication among them. And my tribe is the bus drivers.


The public transportation has been one of the most important topic for every government. In UK, according to my research in another project [Collaborate ! Project], the power used on public transportation accounted for over 10 percentage of whole generated energy. That means, if we can save even a little bit in public transportation, it will be a lot that it actually did.


On the other hand, it is obvious that our transportation is not fully functioning yet. For example, some buses are always delayed during peak time, while some are over-running between the small stations which has few passengers. Every bus have to be operated sticking to route map, although sometimes they may don’t have to do so.

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It caused tiredness among bus drivers, inconvenience among passengers, and most important, inefficiency of such a huge system.

Social Thing Tribe [ Physical Computing #3 ]